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5 edition of An encyclopaedia of agriculture found in the catalog.

An encyclopaedia of agriculture

comprising the theory and practice of the valuation, transfer, laying out, improvement, and management of landed property; and the cultivation and economy of the animal and vegetable productions of agriculture, including all the latest improvements; a general history of agriculture in all countries; and a statistical view of its present state, with suggestions for its future progress in the British Isles; and supplements bringing down the work to the year 1844

by John Claudius Loudon

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Published by Longman, Green in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Agriculture -- Dictionaries.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBy J. C. Loudon
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsS411 .L88 1866
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxl, 1375, [1] p.
    Number of Pages1375
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL24186862M
    OCLC/WorldCa64025787

    The particular animals and plants included in agriculture in this narrower sense will vary with the region and a variety of circumstances. To prevent this, as well as to give it additional tightness, its edges should not be square, but should bevel somewhat inward in the manner of a bung; the rabbet in the frame being made to answer it. Herdsmen and fishermen were in the lowest class; swineherds especially were despised. We shall give here abrief account of his ingenious classification.

    The land and livestock were very largely the property of the royal, priestly, and military classes; the care of animals and the performance of farming operations were in the hands of hired laborers or slaves. The cultivation of grasses was begun in this century with the introduction of perennial rye grass. Wheat was the most important cereal crop cultivated by the Romans, and both smooth and bearded varieties were raised. According to J. The union of two such sticks with a leathern thong made a rude mattock or hoe, and a larger implement of the same kind formed the primitive plow, which was drawn, very likely, at first by men and afterward by domesticated animals.

    Cold storage, rapid transportation, and the refrigerator car have reduced risks and shortened apparent distances. An addition to the strife between these two classes was the pressure brought to bear in the interest of the landless. Flax was raised from prehistoric times for its fibre, from which the clothing of the ancient Egyptians and the wrappings of the mummies were largely made. The earliest recorded Arabic encyclopaedia, compiled by the 9th-century Arab philologist and historian Ibn Qutaybahhad a completely different approach, beginning with power, war, and nobility and ending with food and women. Juden in Portugal," p.


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An encyclopaedia of agriculture book

In addition to the animals used in Egypt, mules were grown and used for labor. A noteworthy feature of the closing decades of the 19th century was the formation of voluntary associations of stockbreeders, with the object of promoting the interests of the respective breeds of live stock.

Voltages better than in most other counties ; some good ones erected by the principal manufacturers and noblemen. The fifth class was to be an analytical index. Persian titles are available in translation and can be read using a HTML browser. Among the Jews in the Caucasus many were formerly large owners of orchards and vineyards; some produced wine, others a species of tobacco Andree, "Zur Volkskunde der Juden," p.

Alphabetical arrangement was as strongly opposed as the use of any language but Latin, at least in the first 1, years of publication in the West, and skilled group editorship has a history of some years.

Young thorn hedges, with a northern aspect, do best, as the morning sun in spring injures the bud of those facing the south when j'revipusly covered with frost.

The conquest of the Moors in Spain and their subsequent expulsion caused an injury to the agriculture of the peninsula which has not been repaired. Numerous varieties of all sorts of cultivated plants have been obtained through selection and otherwise, and in this way the areas devoted to different crops have been greatly extended.

EXPLORE ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA

It is interesting to observe that severe military requirements still necessitate the employment of women in field labor on the continent of Europe. Yet the right of possession was good against all until the lands had been resumed; and in process of time there came to be families so long in possession that they could not be dispossessed.

Our laboratory uses premium FujiFilm Lustre Paper guaranteeing brighter colors, sharper whites, and prints that will last a lifetime. The concept of alphabetical order was well known to both the Greeks and Romans, but the latter made little use of it.

Dairy products, in contrast with others, are higher than they were fifty years ago. The cattle belonged to the same species as the present cattle of India. About this book This Encyclopedia offers a definitive source on issues pertaining to the full range of topics in the important new area of food and agricultural ethics.

Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

In the present article the term agriculture will be used in a somewhat broad sense, and the sketch will be confined to a brief outline of the historical development of agriculture, general statistics of a few of the more important agricultural products, and references to parts of the more general literature of agriculture.

Ttie internal teatcrs which rise within or fall upon the area of the embanked lands, are to be collected by a main drain, continued upward from the floodgate ; and furnished with branches to spread over every part of the field of improvement, so as to draw the water from every dip and hollow place as it collects, and thus free the surface effectually from stagnant water; saving such only as may be wanted for the use of pasturing stock.

Turned from the former wool exportation, the farmers began to raise wheat in large quantities to be sent out of the country. The Hebrews, before their sojourn in Egypt, had been a semi-pastoral people, and they must have learned something of Egyptian agriculture during the years of bondage.

Austria-Hungary, only about half a century from serfdom, has a government that fosters agriculture, and presents the sharp contrasts illustrated by the steam cultivator on large estates and the wooden plow on small farms.

Mules were extensively used, especially as beasts of burden. Proper rooms, fur drying, cleaning, and iircserving g. There was a domain of public land, which was continually extended by the conquests of neighboring States and the partial confiscations that followed.

In the latter year, on the contrary, the ground was plowed and pulverized with the same operation by a disk plow; the seed was sown with a mechanical seeder drawn by horses; the reaping, thrashing, and sacking of the wheat were done with the combined reaper and thrasher drawn by horses, and then the wheat was ready to haul to the granary.

The eighteenth century saw revolutions in English farming. Grierson's Linguistic Survey of IndiaCalcutta. Horses were brought into Egypt about B.

In that region of scanty rainfall, irrigation may be practiced by taking a water supply from the large streams flowing from the mountains. The 10th- or 11th-century encyclopaedic dictionary known as Suidas was the first such work to be completely arranged alphabetically, but it had no influence on succeeding encyclopaedias, although glossaries, when included, were so arranged.

The encyclopaedists were, however, still uncertain of the logical sequence of subjects; although there were many who started with theological matters, there were just as many who preferred to put practical topics first.

The cultivation of grasses was begun in this century with the introduction of perennial rye grass. The past fifty years have been a period of careful cultivation, though with many exceptions, in America.An Encyclopædia of Agriculture: Comprising the Theory and Practice of the Valuation, Transfer, Laying Out, Improvement, and Management of Landed Property; and the Cultivation and Economy of the Animal and Vegetable Productions of Agriculture, Including All the Latest Improvements; a General History of Agriculture in All Countries; and a Statistical View of Its Present State, with Suggestions 1/5(1).

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The effects are apparent in many countries. Improvident habits, slovenly systems of agriculture, sluggish methods of commerce, and insecurity of property exist wherever the followers of the Prophet rule or live. Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, Second Edition addresses important issues by examining topics of global agriculture and food systems that are key to understanding the challenges we face.

Questions it addresses include: Will we be able to produce enough food to meet the increasing dietary needs and wants of the additional two billion people expected to inhabit our planet by ? Mar 13,  · It publishes an annual Flock Book, the first volume of which appeared in In this book are named the recognized and pure-bred sires which have been used, and ewes which have been bred from, whilst there are also registered the pedigrees of such.

Urban Agriculture by Mohamed Samer.

Encyclopaedia

This book provides useful information about Urban Agriculture, which includes the production of crops in small to large lots, vertical production on walls, windows, rooftops, urban gardens, farmer's markets, economic models of urban gardening, peri-urban agricultural systems, and spatial planning and.